Toyota GR Yaris: Rally-bred hot hatch fully unveiled
After a long teaser campaign, Toyota unveiled their latest rally-bred hot hatch – the GR Yaris – which premiered at the 2020 Tokyo Auto Show.
The flagship version of the new Yaris was developed by Gazoo Racing and Tommi Mäkinen Racing as a homologation model for Toyota’s next rally-car, using their experience from WRC (Toyota has won both the manufacturers’ championship, in 2018 and, with Ott Tänak, the drivers’ championship in 2019). The designers and engineers focused on three pillars – aerodynamics, weight distribution and lightweight – in order to achieve the best performance and drivability.
Design-wise, the of GR Yaris has nothing in common with the rest of the Yaris range. Its all-new coupe-style body has 3 doors (unlike its 5-door siblings) and features aggressive aerodynamics with large intakes on the front bumper, muscular wide arches to accommodate the 18″ wheels, lowered roof (-91 mm), rear spoiler and diffuser housing dual exhaust pipes.
The GR Yaris platform combines the GA-B architecture of the 5-door Yaris at the front, with the GA-C architecture of the Corolla at the back. As such, suspension consists of McPherson struts at the front and a double-wishbone setup at the rear. The braking system includes 356 mm ventilated discs with four-piston fixed callipers at the front and 297 mm ventilated discs with two-piston callipers at the rear. Thanks to the use of aluminium at the bonnet, doors and rear hatch, and the carbon-fibre roof, the GR Yaris tips the scales at 1,280 kg, which means it has a strong power-to-weight ratio of only 5.0 kg per bhp.
As for performance, Toyota announced a 0-100 km/h acceleration time of less than 5.5 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 230 km/h (143 mph).
Under the bonnet, we find the most powerful three-cylinder engine in production. The all-new 12-valve turbocharged engine with a displacement of 1,618 cc produces 261 hp /192 kW of power and 360 Nm of torque thanks to motorsport technologies including multi-oil jet piston cooling, large-diameter exhaust valves and a part-machined intake port. Power is transmitted to all four wheels through a 6-speed manual transmission with the help of the new GR-Four all-wheel-drive system. Speaking of which, it allows a theoretical range of front/rear torque balance from 100:0 (full front-wheel drive) to 0:100 (full rear-wheel drive) and is considerably lighter than conventional 4WD systems. More specifically distribution is 60:40 in Normal mode, 30:70 in Sport mode and 50:50 in Track mode, which is automatically balanced according to driver’s input, vehicle behaviour and road or track conditions.
For those who seek the best performance, the optional Circuit Pack includes two Torsen limited-slip differentials, forged 18″ wheels with Michelin Pilot Sport 4s 225/40R18 tires and an even more aggressive suspension setup.
The Toyota GR Yaris will be produced at the new GR factory at Motomachi, with sales starting in the second half of 2020.
THE NEW TOYOTA GR YARIS: FORGED IN THE HEAT OF WORLD RALLY COMPETITION
- Developed directly from World Rally activity, with Tommi Mäkinen Racing
- Toyota’s second global GR model and a homologation model for future World Rally Championship activity
- New 1.6-litre three-cylinder turbo engine producing 257bhp/192kW
- Aerodynamic and lightweight body design, producing power-to-weight ratio of 5kg per bhp
- New lightweight GR-Four all-wheel drive system
The new GR Yaris is a pure performance car, born from Toyota’s title-winning experience in the World Rally Championship (WRC). Forged from success in the heat of competition, it brings motorsport technology and design directly to the world of the road car, true to Toyota Gazoo Racing’s ethos of making ever-better cars that are intrinsically rewarding and fun to drive.
Positioned at the top of the all-new Yaris range, the GR Yaris is a unique model that benefits from the design and engineering skills of Toyota Gazoo Racing and Tommi Mäkinen Racing, Toyota’s partner in the WRC. As well as serving as the official homologation model for development of the next Yaris WRC car, it also has all the attributes required for owners looking to compete successfully in local rally competitions. Scheduled for launch in the second half of 2020, it will follow the GR Supra as Toyota’s second global GR model.
Presenting the GR Yaris at the 2020 Tokyo Auto Salon, Gazoo Racing President Shigeki Tomoyama said: “One of Toyota Gazoo Racing’s commitments is to use motorsport to refine its knowhow and its personnel, with the aim of launching world-class production sports cars. While the new GR Supra is a sports car developed through track racing, the GR Yaris has been devised through our participation in rallies – something that many of our fans have been waiting for.”
Every aspect of the car has a performance focus: an all-new platform and engine, new suspension, lightweight construction, aerodynamic styling and a new GR-Four permanent all-wheel drive system. With high power and low weight, it has all the credentials for competition success, and for delivering exhilarating performance as a super-hot hatch for the road.
The new GR Yaris is Toyota’s first genuine all-wheel drive sports car and its first homologation model for World Rally Championship competition since the end of production of the Celica GT-Four in 1999.
Across two generations and three models, the Celica GT-Four featured in Toyota’s most successful WRC campaigns, a golden age of rallying that brought the company 30 rally victories, four drivers’ championship titles and one manufacturers’ championship. In a reference to its illustrious predecessor and its all-wheel drive technology, the GR Yaris features a GR-Four logo on its tailgate.
As a homologation model, the GR Yaris will support the development of a new competition car for the Toyota Gazoo Racing World Rally Team’s WRC campaign. Since rejoining the championship in 2017, Toyota has won both the manufacturers’ championship, in 2018 and, with Ott Tänak, the drivers’ championship in 2019.
The WRC-skilled team of designers and engineers at Tommi Mäkinen Racing focused on perfecting the aerodynamics, weight distribution and light weight of the new car – the three qualities essential to achieving the best performance and drivability.
A lower roofline improved the car’s ability to cut through the air, while positioning the new 1.6 turbo engine further back towards the centre of the car and locating the battery in the boot helped produce a better chassis balance for improved handling, stability and responsiveness.
The three-door body shell is made from lightweight materials including carbon fibre polymer and aluminium, to deliver an impressive power-to-weight ratio, while the new platform allows for a wider rear track and new double wishbone rear suspension system. The team also devised reinforcements beneath the side members to ensure the suspension’s performance potential can be realised.
To ensure the plans worked in practice, the GR Yaris was put to the test by professional race and rally drivers during the development programme.
Although the new GR Yaris sits at the top of the all-new Yaris range, it has a unique design with a three-door body and a roof lowered by 91mm, creating a coupe silhouette. Frameless doors add to the coupe look. At the front the grille design and spoiler express the car’s authentic GR status, while at the rear the wide tread and muscular wings accommodate 18-inch alloy wheels.
All-new 1.6-litre turbo engine
The GR Yaris’s engine is an all-new, three-cylinder turbocharged unit that benefits from motorsport technologies to maximise performance, including multi-oil jet piston cooling, large-diameter exhaust valves and a part-machined intake port. Displacing 1,618cc, it produces a maximum 257bhp/192kW and 360Nm of torque.
Compact and lightweight, the DOHC 12-valve engine features a single-scroll ball-bearing turbo and is matched to a six-speed manual transmission, engineered to accommodate high torque levels.
Achieving a strong power-to-weight ratio was a key objective to help meet the GR Yaris’s performance targets. The body shell is constructed predominantly from lightweight materials, including a new carbon fibre polymer for the roof that can be compression moulded. Aluminium is used for the bonnet, doors and tailgate. As a result, the GR Yaris has the power of a C-segment performance hatch but the weight of a B-segment machine (kerb weight 1,280kg). Its power-to-weight ratio of only 5.0 kg per bhp helps deliver 0-62mph acceleration in less than 5.5 seconds and an electronically limited top speed of 143mph.
GR-Four: new all-wheel drive system
The GR Yaris’s performance is supported by a new GR-Four all-wheel drive system designed to optimise drive power to each wheel, while also being simple and lightweight. The distribution of torque between the front and rear axles is governed by a high-response coupling. As an option in the Circuit Pack (details below), two Torsen limited-slip differentials manage the split between the left and right-side wheels to give natural and direct car control.
The ingenious system uses slightly different gear ratios for the front and rear axles and allows for a theoretical range of front/rear torque balance from 100:0 (full front-wheel drive) to 0:100 (full rear-wheel drive). This flexibility gives a performance advantage over AWD on-demand systems that use twin-coupling or permanent AWD systems with a centre differential. The GR Four system is also considerably lighter in weight.
The driver can adjust four-wheel drive performance to suit their preference or the driving situation using a 4WD mode dial switch. In normal mode the base front/rear torque distribution is 60:40; in Sport mode the balance shifts to the rear, with 30:70 distribution to achieve a fun-to-drive quality on winding roads and circuits; and in Track mode the base setting is 50:50 for fast, competitive driving on circuits or special stages. In each mode, the torque balance will automatically adjust in response to the driver’s inputs, vehicle behaviour and road or track conditions.
Dedicated platform and suspension
The GR Yaris has a new, dedicated platform that combines the front end of Toyota’s GA-B platform – debuting in the all new Yaris model in 2020 – with the rear of the GA-C platform. This allows for a new suspension design and accommodation of the GR-Four all-wheel drive system, while also contributing to the car’s excellent stability and handling.
Where the standard new Yaris uses a torsion beam rear suspension, the GR Yaris has a double wishbone set-up, with every element optimised for performance. A MacPherson strut system is used at the front.
Performance braking system
The performance braking system features large, 356mm grooved front discs with four-pot callipers, engineered to cope with rigorous demands of high-speed track and special stage driving with high-level heat capacity.
Customers can upgrade their GR Yaris with an optional Circuit Pack. This equips the car with a Torsen limited-slip differential on both the front and rear axle, performance-tuned suspension and 18-inch forged alloy wheels with Michelin Pilot Sport 4s 225/40R18 tyres.
New GR production centre at Motomachi
To help meet its performance goals for the GR Yaris, Toyota has established a new production facility at its Motomachi factory, with a line dedicated to manufacturing GR sports cars. Instead of the traditional conveyor system, the body and assembly lines comprise a number of different cells connected by automatic guided vehicles.
Production of each vehicle calls for a large number of manual processes, for which Toyota uses a specialist team. The factory design and the talents of the workforce allow for high-precision assembly of highly rigid vehicle bodies to levels that are hard to achieve on standard production lines.
With its new manufacturing methods, the GR facility is capable of handling multi-type, small-volume production, without compromising productivity.
GR YARIS TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
|Type||In-line, 3 cylinders|
|Valve mechanism||DOHC 12-valve with VVT-i|
|Fuel system||D4S direct and indirect injection|
|Bore x stroke (mm)||87.5 x 89.7|
|Max. power (bhp/DIN hp/kW)||257/261/192|
|Max. torque (Nm)||360|
|Emissions level||Euro 6d temp|
|All-wheel drive system||GR-Four|
|Power-to-weight ratio (kg/bhp, kg/DIN hp, kg/kW)||5.0, 4.9, 6.7|
|Max. speed (mph)||143 (electronically limited)|
|Front suspension||MacPherson strut|
|Rear suspension||Double wishbone|
|Steering||Rack and pinion, electric power steering|
|Min. turning circle (m)||10.8|
|Front (diameter, mm)||Ventilated discs (356) with 4-pot fixed callipers|
|Rear (diameter, mm)||Ventilated discs (297) with 2-pot fixed callipers|
|Type||Dunlop SP Sport MAXX050|
Michelin Pilot Sport 4s (option)
|DIMENSIONS & WEIGHT|
|Overall length (mm)||3,995|
|Overall width (mm)||1,805|
|Overall height (mm)||1,460|
|Front track (mm)||1,530|
|Rear track (mm)||1,560|
|Kerb weight (without driver, kg)||1,280|